Ethiopia conflict has been going on for more than a year, which made the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) and its supporters against the Ethiopian government, which caused thousands of casualties in the country.
All warring parties have performed harsh human rights abuses. In a massive humanitarian disaster caused by the conflict, many people suffered. As estimated, 5.2 million people in Ethiopia’s north have suffered hunger and lack of basic supplies for a whole year as the government purposely did.
All warring parties have suffered severe human rights abuses to tighten the Tigray region, and violence help delivery. Many people around thousands became refugees and were sustained in the Amhara and Afar regions.
The war has pulled neighbouring countries, and its diligence risks the stability of the Horn of Africa and the Red Sea regions. Yet after having a diplomatic engagement, including America, the Union of Africa and European countries, the conflict dynamics have been driven mainly by battlefield circumstances.
The latest variation of military fortunes allowed the Ethiopian government, hardly embattled until November, to push the TPLF back into Tigray. The decision which is taken by Prime Minister “Abiy Ahmed” on December 21 to end the counteroffensive of the Ethiopian National Defense Forces (ENDF) at Tigray’s borders gives some hope that international diplomacy, supported by the U.S. created boycott regime, could finally help incentivize a negotiated end to the conflict.
But the hope is slim, with numerous ominous clouds hanging over the prospect of a quick and lasting negotiated settlement. It yet stays to be seen whether Abiy’s latest decisions reflect a newfound realization that some political housing with TPLF is necessary, a hope for a victor’s peace, or merely a discreet, and in vain- gambit to avoid U.S. economic sanctions.