The National Environment Management Authority (NEMA) has urged city and municipal governments to speed up the implementation of the national environment waste management regulations 2020 in order to address the persistent problems with solid waste in urban areas.
The regulations task manufacturers or processors of a product packed in plastics to take back or collect the waste – a task that most manufacturers have ignored.
The government of Kampala stated that they made an Authority for cleaning the trash, named with Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA), and they spend billions of shillings every financial year in order to clean the garbage on the city’s roads, green parks as well as open up choked drainage systems and sewer lines.
In addition to the direct cost of cleaning up litter, poor waste management has a negative impact on the environment.
The most common types of litter in Kampala are food packaging, bottles of plastic, plastic cans, polythene bags locally referred to as Kaveera, papers and electronic parts.
This garbage remains in the streets of Uganda and residential streets until or unless KCCA or contractor truck collect them. And in case of delays, whenever it rains, running water washes it away to the drainage system. and blocks the drainage system.
Some two years back, in 2020, the government passed the orders and regulations to the National Environment Waste Management, which calls for beverage producers to extend the responsibility to collect back solid waste which was generated by their products. Still, there is a tiny implementation of the law.
NEMA made compulsory to collect waste disposals among urban authorities wants the regulations heeded to.
The problem of the poor waste disposal in Uganda, NEMA also wants urban administrations nationwide to illegalize common littering by persons and institutional damping using the national environmental act 2019.
Under this law, a person found littering is liable to 11years imprisonment, while institutions could pay over 100 million shillings in fines.
Besides enforcing the laws, NEMA has embarked on sensitization of the masses against poor waste disposal.