As per the United Nations statement, everybody has a right to asylum, and UNHCR recognizes their efforts in order to protect refugees. They also added that they could not be followed in isolation from broader trends, policies, and practices shaping global mobility.
It also acknowledges that people who come under its mandate- including asylum-seekers, refugees and stateless persons- are directly affected more by the migration policies and processes, mainly when they engage in mixed movements.
UNHCR main focus is to engage with migration issues that directly affect the refugees and other people who come under its mandate, including asylum-seekers, internally displaced people and stateless people. In some cases, the General Assembly has asked UNHCR to donate its expertise to processes that relate to migration.
Seeking asylum is a fundamental human right for people fleeing violence, persecution, or war at home.
— United Nations (@UN) February 22, 2022
UNHCR mainly focuses on:
Aiming to ensure that migration-management policies, practices and discussions take into account the particular security needs of asylum-seekers, refugees and stateless people, and recognize the legal framework that exists to meet those needs;
Aiding States and partners to meet asylum and migration-management challenges in a manner that is sensitive to protection concerns;
Placing migration, trafficking and related developments affecting persons under UNHCR’s mandate, and
They are supporting stronger governance and closer observance of the universal character of human rights, including the rights of all persons on the move, regardless of their legal status, in ways that reinforce the principles and practice of international refugee protection.
In order to support these aims, UNHCR collects and analyses the data and trends, develop policies and guidance, execution programmes and provide operational support to governments and other stakeholders on mixed movements and related issues such as trafficking in persons and, at the same time, protection at sea.
Refugees are people who cannot able return to their birthplace, or we can say their origin of place because of a well-founded fear of persecution, conflict, violence, or other and who also require international protection.