Africa: Heavy rainfall occurred in Southeast Africa and became heavier, and it is likely to happen during cyclones because of climate change, as per the new guidelines released on Monday by an international team of weather scientists.
Numerous tropical storms that attacked Madagascar, Malawi and Mozambique earlier this year were analyzed by the World Weather Attribution group, which decided that the storms were becoming worse with the boost in global temperatures.
In just one and half months, from January to March, the province witnessed a record three tropical cyclones and two tropical cyclones make landfall. The weighty rains, storm surges and floods left more than 230 people dead, and many people were forced to leave their places in the region.
The countries remain weak to devastating weather in 2022, with cyclone season set to end in May.
The group of scientists employed based peer-reviewed methods, including weather observations and computer simulations, to model systems, using both preindustrial global temperatures and today’s — which is around 1.2 degrees Celsius warmer. The difference among the models determined the impact of human-caused global warming.
According to ‘Sarah Kew,’ the Royal Netherland Meteorological Institute participated in the study in which they found that they investigated the influence of climate change using 34 prediction models, but data gaps made it harsh to determine the full impact of increasing greenhouse gas emissions.
According to Dr Kew’s research which clearly shows that climate change made the storms more damaging, our ability to establish precisely how much was hindered by conflicting data and lack of weather observations. “This would also help enhance forecasts of severe weather events and their impacts.”
In both Madagascar and Malawi, the research was constrained by a lack of weather stations with suitable data. Of a total of 23 weather stations in the region affected Mozambique, only four had complete records dating back to 1981.
According to Dr Izidine Pinto, a climate critic at the University of Cape town, Funding scientific resources in Africa and other parts of the global south is a point to helping us to better understand the extreme weather events fueled by climate change in order to prepare for vulnerable people and infrastructure to better deal with them.